GENDER EQUALITY seems like a far-away dream these days, while progress has been made by a

number of groups it is still a discouraging story. Over 2 billion women don’t have the same

employment options as men and at this rate it will take about a century to close the global pay gap. In

the case of human trafficking, where men as much as women are affected, statistics show women and

girls make up over 70% of the world’s human trafficking victims, with regards to this data, gender

equality needs to be a priority.

The Integrating Capacity and Community Advancement Organization (ICCAO) has noted the efforts of

the world in fighting this injustice to attain sustainable development in Tanzania and the world in

general because of the following factors.


Because of their lack of empowerment and resources in many places, women and girls face life

threatening situations e.g women and girls of color in the US tend to have higher rates of poverty,

greater challenges accessing health care, reduced access to education employment opportunities

(lower wages when they do find work). At the 2005 world conference on Disaster Reduction, experts

discussed how gender inequality plays a role in death and injury and other data shows that climate

change which results to natural disasters puts women and girls in even more vulnerable positions.

Bringing gender perspective into discussion it allows women to play a bigger role in their own



Research shows that women in general receive substandard healthcare with regards to men, there

are many reasons for this including lack of education and lower income. Diseases that affect women

more than men such as (Chronic pain condition) aren’t as well-researched and they are often not

taken as seriously by medical professionals. When women are equal in society, their health will be

impacted positively.


When women receive the same education and job opportunities as men, they can improve any

organization they join. Studies show in USA (United States of America) that diversity of all types

(gender, race, sexual identity) increases an organization’s productivity and innovation. One 2016

study from the University of California looked at big companies in the state and found that the ones

with women in the top leadership positions performed better than the companies with mostly men at

the top.


Women’s impact does not stop with individual companies and organizations. Studies show that

increasing women’s participation in the economy is good for the economy in USA. In the Organization

for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, if the female employment rates were

raised to match Sweden, it would lead to a GDP (the total monetary or market value of all the finished

goods and services produced within a country’s borders in a specific time period) increase equivalent

to $6 trillion dollars. Gender pay gaps end up costing the economy in these countries.


Poverty rates are the highest among young girls. As boys and girls get older, the gender gap in poverty

gets larger and this is more likely to happen because girls don’t receive the same education and job

opportunities as boys and when girls marry they often don’t work. Gender inequality keeps women

and their families trapped in a cycle of poverty. When women receive better education, healthcare

and job opportunities they can thrive. Investing in gender inequality is a sustainable and highly

effective way to reduce poverty.


Gender and race equality are closely linked. With issues like the gender pay gap, race plays a big role,

white and asian women earn more than black, and native women in the United Kingdom. In the

United States black women face a higher risk of death from pregnancy-related causes. When gender

equality does not considers race as a factor, it improves race equality at the same time.


Research shows in human rights, gender equality is linked to peace even more so than a country’s

GDP or level of democracy. In the USA, states with better gender equality are more lenient towards

women serving in the military while in others states women continue to face gender based violence

from their male counterparts. When a country addresses major areas of gender inequality like

education and employment, it fosters peace.


While men are also vulnerable to become victims of human trafficking. Women and girls make up the

majority, they are more vulnerable and traffickers see them as easier targets. With better education

and job options women will be less likely to end up in trafficking situations as often. Gender equality

can also strengthen a country, reducing poverty and instability which fuel human trafficking.

Addressing gender equality is crucial for achieving sustainable development and building a fair and

inclusive society. It requires efforts to challenge social norms, promote equal opportunities, provide

access to education and healthcare and ensure the full participation and representation of women in

all spheres of life. Efforts should be put to promoting legal and policy strengthening and or reform

and empowering women and girls to exercise their sexual and reproductive health and human


Tags: No tags

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *